Users:General FEM Analysis/Elements Reference/SolidTetra1
Contents |
General Description
Element Type
- This element class provides 3D tetrahedal elements with linear (4-noded element) or quadratic shape functions (10-noded)
Degrees of Freedom
All tetrahedal elements use three translatoric degrees of freedom at each node.
They are named Disp_X, Disp_Y, Disp_Z.
Input Parameters
Parameter Description
Compulsory Parameters | ||
Parameter | Values, Default(*) | Description |
---|---|---|
MAT | EL-MAT int | Linking to a material input block |
INT_TYPE_TETRA | FULL | Control of integration type Only full inetgration available so far |
Optional Parameters |
Example of a Complete Input Block
EL-PROP 1: SOLIDTETRA1 MAT = EL-MAT 1 INT_TYPE_TETRA = FULL
Inside the property block there is no distinction between linear and quadratic formulated elements. It is possible to define 4-noded and 10-noded elements using one and the same element property:
! ElementID Part-ID EL-PROP Node-IDs NEL 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 ! 4-noded element NEL 2 1 1 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 !10-noded element
Element Loading
Tetrahedal elements are able to carry two types of element loads:
- dead load
- temperature load
Dead Load
Dead weight of an element is computed by multiplying material's denisity (ρ) with gravity's acceleration, which has to be defined inside the load block concearning its direction and size.
An example for a load definition of a concrete structure (assuming linear elastic isotropic material behaviour) with gravity acting in positive z-direction would look like
EL-MAT 1 : LIN_ELAST_ISOTROPIC EMOD=3.5e10 ALPHAT=1e-5 DENS=2.5e3 NUE=0.2
LD-ELEM 1 PART=1 TYPE=DEAD D1=0.0 D2=0.0 D3=1.0 VAL=9.81
whereat the finite elemet model is based on SI units (m, N, kg).
Temperature Load
This paragraph only focuses at element specific topics concearing temperature load. For more detailed descriptions please look at the load documentation
For the computation of temperature loads solid elements do not concider any layer of laminate structure within the element. So only the temperature defined for layer number one is considered at each node.
LD-ELEM 1 TYPE = TEMPERATURE ND-SET = 1 LAYER = 1 VAL = +10 ND-SET = 2 LAYER = 1 VAL = -10
References
- ↑ Pictures taken from the notes to the lecture "Advanced Finite Element Methods for Solids, Plates and Shells" given by Carlos Felippa at the University of Colorado at Boulder. http://www.colorado.edu/engineering/CAS/courses.d/AFEM.d/ (4th August 2011)
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